Michelle Smith

Clementine Ford Reveals the Fragility Behind “Toxic Masculinity” in Boys Will Be Boys

In her latest book, Clementine Ford envisions a future away from toxic masculinity, where a greater education will see the boys of tomorrow reverse the culture of today.

 

In Boys Will Be Boys, Australia’s most prominent contemporary feminist, Clementine Ford, works toward dismantling the idea that feminism is harming men. Instead, she proposes — as feminists have consistently maintained — that a patriarchal society can be as harmful and destructive for individual men as it can be for women.

Ford considers how “toxic masculinity” is shaped from the moment of a boy’s “gender reveal” to her closing chapter, which – simply and powerfully — lists the names of more than 50 famous men who have been publicly accused of sexual assault and their alleged criminal acts.

She traces how gendered inequalities in the way we socialize children at home and via pop culture directly shape harmful adult behaviors. These include: “the embrace of online abuse, rape culture, men’s rights baloney, and even the freezing out of women from government and leadership.” Ford sets out to demonstrate not only how “toxic male spaces and behaviors … codify male power and dominance” but also how they serve to protect men from any consequences.

In a chapter on domestic labor, “A Woman’s Place,” Ford shows how gendered division of housework and childcare informs assumptions about adult roles. In a claim that will no doubt be quoted by many “Angry Internet Men” (as Ford refers to them), she proposes that heterosexual women are better placed living alone and inviting men “into our houses as guests occasionally.”

Her point is not that there is no pleasure to be had for a woman cohabiting with a man. Instead, she highlights that managing “the gendered conditions of domestic labor … takes a fuck ton of work”. This work happens regardless of whether women are consistently fighting for help with washing the dishes or changing diapers, or have begrudgingly accepted that the unending cycle of housework is their burden to shoulder.

Short of raising a child in the wilderness, far from an internet connection, television signal, or cinema complex, children are inducted into gender norms by the popular culture they consume. In her chapter about “Girls of Film,” Ford reflects on the experience of a 1980s childhood in which the blockbuster films for young people all required girl viewers to imagine themselves in the place of active male heroes.

Unlike girls, boys are not conditioned to identify with girls and women on screen. This, Ford argues, results in the marginalization of stories about girls, which “are considered niche and peripheral, in the same way stories about people of color or stories about disability or queerness are.”

We only have to look to the dramatic online overreaction to the news of a female-led Ghostbusters reboot, which resulted in the stars of the film receiving sexist and racist abuse. This suggests that many men’s inability to see value in “stories about anything other than themselves” is entwined with the devaluation of women themselves.

 

Clementine Ford asks us to imagine a different definition of boyhood, in which being sensitive, soft, kind, gentle, respectful, accountable, expressive, loving, and nurturing are no longer framed as incompatible with being a man.

 

Inevitably, Ford must consider the men who lead these online crusades against the imagined oppression of men. She devotes significant attention to Milo Yiannopoulos, who has become a figurehead of the men’s rights movement. When Leslie Jones, the African-American actress who starred in Ghostbusters, shared some of the abuse she received at the hands of Yiannopoulos and his followers, he accused her of “playing the victim.”

And yet, as Ford identifies, Yiannopoulos resorted to framing himself as a victim when his Twitter account was removed in 2016. In a telling assessment, Ford argues that these men are not united in their “iron-clad fortitude but by extreme fragility, and this is what bonds them together beneath men like Yiannopoulous.”

One of the most frustrating modern retorts to any attempt to discuss gendered violence, discrimination, and outright sexism is that “#NotAllMen” are responsible for these acts and attitudes. However, as Ford cuttingly observes, women do not need a directive to “look for the goodness in men, because we try our damnedest to find it every day.”

Women already know that not all men are guilty of the brutal sexual assaults, for instance, that Ford details in her interrogation of rape culture. The difference for women is that “we know that any man could be [a threat].” The magnitude of living with such a gendered power imbalance impacts every woman’s thoughts and movements.

While Ford writes with great humor about the abuse she has received and anti-feminist rhetoric more generally, the overwhelming gravity of a world overcome by toxic masculinity permeates this book.

Margaret Atwood’s famous comment that men are afraid that women will laugh at them, while women are afraid that men will kill them, is no more painfully examined than in discussion of the brutal rape and murder of Aboriginal woman Lynette Daley. One of the killers, in his explanation of events to police, stated: “These things happen … girls will be girls, boys will be boys.”

As Ford rallies us to understand, being a boy need not pose a danger to women nor encompass the harms that patriarchy enacts on men, such as increased risk of suicide or the impact of violence.

With an epilogue comprised of a loving letter to her young son, Ford asks us to imagine a different definition of boyhood, in which being sensitive, soft, kind, gentle, respectful, accountable, expressive, loving, and nurturing are no longer framed as incompatible with being a man.

 

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article here.

 

Michelle Smith

Michelle Smith is a Senior Lecturer in Literary Studies at Monash University where she teaches fairy tale and children's literature. Michelle is the author of From Colonial to Modern: Transnational Girlhood in Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand Children’s Literature (1840-1940) (U of Toronto P, 2018, with Clare Bradford and Kristine Moruzi) and Empire in British Girls’ Literature and Culture: Imperial Girls, 1880–1915 (Palgrave, 2011). She has also co-edited four books in the fields of children’s literature and Victorian literature. Her research has been published in journals including Nineteenth-Century Contexts, Women's Writing, Victorian Periodicals Review, English Literature in Transition, The Lion and the Unicorn, Children's Literature in Education, Continuum, Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature, and in numerous edited collections. Michelle has published opinion pieces in the Age, Sydney Morning Herald, The Washington Post, New Statesman, and The Drum and has been interviewed on numerous radio and television programs.

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